Sunday, December 1, 2019


Because of its biodiversity and ecological significance, the park has been listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as a World Heritage Site.The Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions. It is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded (or brindled) wildebeest and 250,000 zebra and for its numerous Nile crocodile and honey badger.

The Serengeti gained more fame after the initial work of Bernhard Grzimek and his son Michael in the 1950s. Together, they produced the book and film Serengeti Shall Not Die, widely recognized as one of the most important early pieces of nature conservation documentary.

The park is Tanzania's oldest national park and remains the flagship of the country's tourism industry, providing a major draw to the Northern Safari Circuit encompassing Lake Manyara National ParkTarangire National ParkArusha National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It has over 2,500 lions and more than 1 million wildebeest.

The park covers 14,750 square kilometres (5,700 sq mi) of grassland plains, savanna, riverine forest, and woodlands. The park lies in northwestern Tanzania, where it is continuous with the Maasai Mara National Reserve. To the southeast of the park is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, to the southwest lies Maswa Game Reserve, to the west are the Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserves, and to the northeast and east lies the Loliondo Game Control Area. Together, these areas form the larger Serengeti ecosystem.

The park is usually described as divided into three regions: Serengeti plains: the almost treeless grassland of the south is the most emblematic scenery of the park. This is where the wildebeest breed, as they remain in the plains from December to May. Other hoofed animals - zebra, gazelle, impala, hartebeest, topi, buffalo, waterbuck - also occur in huge numbers during the wet season. "Kopjes" are granite florations that are very common in the region, and they are great observation posts for predators, as well as a refuge for hyrax and pythons.

Western corridor: the black clay soil covers the savannah of this region. The Grumeti River and its gallery forests is home to Nile crocodilespatas monkeyshippopotamus, and martial eagles. The migration passes through from May to July.

Northern Serengeti: the landscape is dominated by open woodlands (predominantly Commiphora) and hills, ranging from Seronera in the south to the Mara River on the Kenyan border. Apart from the migratory wildebeest and zebra (which occur from July to August, and in November), this is the best place to find elephantgiraffe, and dik dik.

The park is worldwide known for its abundance of wildlife and high biodiversity. The migratory - and some resident - wildebeest, which number over 1.5 million individuals, constitute the largest population of big mammals that still roam the planet. They are joined in their journey through the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem by 200,000 plains zebra, 300,000 Thomson'sand Grant's gazelle, and tens of thousands of topi and Coke's hartebeestMasai giraffewaterbuckimpalawarthog and hippo are also abundant. Some rarely seen species of antelope are also present in Serengeti National Park, such as common elandklipspringerroan antelopebushbuckgreater kudufringe-eared oryx and dik dik.

Perhaps the most popular animals among tourists are the Big Five, which include: Lion: the Serengeti is believed to hold the largest population of lions in Africa due in part to the abundance of prey species. More than 3,000 lions live in this ecosystem. African leopard: these reclusive predators are commonly seen in the Seronera region but are present throughout the national park with the population at around 1,000. African bush elephant: the herds have recovered successfully from population lows in the 1980s caused by poaching, numbering over 5,000 individuals,and are particularly numerous in the northern region of the park.
Eastern black rhinoceros: mainly found around the kopjes in the centre of the park, very few individuals remain due to rampant poaching. Individuals from the Masai Mara Reserve cross the park border and enter Serengeti from the northern section at times. There's currently a small but stable population of 31 individuals left in the park.African buffalo: the most numerous of the Big Five, with around 53,000 individuals inside the park.

Carnivores -aside from the Big Five- include the 225 cheetah - which is widely seen due to the abundance of gazelle -, about 3,500 spotted hyena, two species of jackalsAfrican golden wolfhoney badgerstriped hyenaserval, seven species of mongooses, two species of otters and the East African wild dog of 300 individuals, which recently reintroduced (locally extinct since 1991). Apart from the safari staples, primates such as yellow and olive baboons and vervet monkeyblack-and-white colobus are also seen in the gallery forests of the Grumeti River. Other mammals include aardvarkaardwolfbat-eared foxground pangolincrested porcupine, three species of hyraxes and cape hare.

Serengeti National Park has also great ornithological interest, boasting about more than 500 bird species; including Masai ostrichsecretarybirdkori bustardshelmeted guineafowlsGrey-breasted spurfowlsouthern ground hornbillcrowned cranesmarabou storksyellow-billed storklesser flamingomartial eagleslovebirdsoxpeckers, and many species of vultures.

Reptiles in Serengeti National Park include Nile crocodileleopard tortoiseserrated hinged terrapinrainbow agamaNile monitorchameleonsAfrican pythonblack mambablack-necked spitting cobrapuff adder. Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit together with Maasai Mara National Reserve and a lion stronghold in East Africa

As a national park, it is designated as a Category II protected area under the system developed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, which means that it should be managed, through either a legal instrument or another effective means, to protect the ecosystem or ecological processes as a whole.

The administrative body for all parks in Tanzania is the Tanzania National Parks Authority. Myles Turner was one of the park's first game wardens and is credited with bringing its rampant poaching under control. His autobiography, My Serengeti Years: The Memoirs of an African Game Warden, provides a detailed history of the park's early years. "Snapshot Serengeti" is a science project by the University of Minnesota Lion Project, which seeks to classify over 30 species of animals within the park using 225 camera traps to better understand how they interact with each other and lions.

Government officials have proposed expanding the Serengeti National Park to reach Lake Victoria because increasingly intense droughts are threatening the survival of millions of animals


The newly rebuilt &Beyond Ngala Safari Lodge in South Africa’s Kruger National Park is sheer safari elegance. Tucked beneath a canopy of mopane and Tamboti trees, each spacious ensuite thatched cottage exudes a romantic colonial ambience with nostalgic safari memorabilia throughout. Soak off the day’s exhilarating adventure in the deep, soothing bathtub or follow the enchanting lantern-lit path to a private alfresco shower where you can bathe under the starry African sky.

Deep in the heart of a mahogany forest and continually serenaded by peaceful birdsong,  Beyond Lake Manyara Tree Lodge in Tanzania is a blissfully tranquil escape from city life. After a day out in the African sun, there’s no better place to relax and unwind than the tree-house bathtub. Overflowing with bubbles and surrounded by candles, it’s time to relax, get back to nature and take in the lush, green scenery.